The CFPB’s new student loan ombudsman

How Biden’s ‘targeted’ student loan reduction stacks up



Updated


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STUDENT LOAN PRESSURES: The Biden administration has been grappling for months over whether or not to accede to progressive calls for to cancel giant swaths federal student loan debt. And extra instantly, the White House and Education Department are debating if pandemic reduction for 40 million student loan debtors needs to be prolonged past October.

As the administration weighs these main choices, Education Department officers have stated they’re centered on bettering the present debt cancellation packages focused at sure populations of debtors: those that have grow to be severely disabled or had been defrauded by their school, and public service employees.

A brand new trove of federal knowledge sheds some gentle on how the Biden administration is approaching debt reduction for these students:

PUBLIC SERVICE LOAN FORGIVENESS: In 2007, Congress created a program meant to wipe out federal student loan debt for debtors who pay their loans for 10 years whereas working in public service. But it’s been affected by issues in recent times.

What Trump did: The first cohort of debtors grew to become eligible for forgiveness in the course of the Trump administration, which had by then repeatedly proposed eliminating this system. The Education Department rejected the overwhelming majority of the a whole lot of 1000’s of debtors who utilized for loan forgiveness. By roughly the tip of the Trump period, roughly 6,000 debtors had their student loans forgiven.

Biden’s file to this point: Fewer than 2,500 debtors obtained loan forgiveness between the tip of Nov. 2020 and April 2021 — the ultimate months of the Trump administration and first few months of the Biden administration. (It’s inconceivable to find out exactly what number of debtors utilized for loan forgiveness and had been rejected throughout that point due to the brand new approach the information is reported.)

And the brand new knowledge reveals a large paperwork backlog on the Education Department; practically 130,000 debtors who utilized for loan forgiveness or requested an replace on their progress towards loan forgiveness had been nonetheless ready for solutions on the finish of April. The knowledge additionally signifies that 1.25 million debtors have taken some step to take part in this system since 2012 and haven’t but obtained loan forgiveness.

READ:   The 3 Major Benefits to Paying Off Your Student Loans Early

What’s subsequent: The Biden administration plans to revise the rules governing public service loan forgiveness, although it hasn’t stated how precisely it plans to alter them. At the identical time, the administration can be dealing with strain from unions to routinely cancel the money owed of debtors who’ve been working in public service for at the very least 10 years, no matter whether or not they meet this system’s different standards.

TOTAL AND PERMANENT DISABILITY DISCHARGES: Federal legislation permits student debtors who’ve a “total and permanent” incapacity to have their student loans forgiven. But there’s been bipartisan concern in recent times that the method is overly burdensome.

What Trump did: The Trump administration routinely wiped clear the student money owed of about 25,000 veterans with extreme disabilities, and wrote a regulation that enables for automated reduction for veterans going ahead. That reduction utilized solely to veterans who grew to become severely disabled.

Biden’s file to this point: The Biden administration introduced that it could waive some paperwork necessities for severely disabled debtors looking for reduction in the course of the coronavirus pandemic. The Education Department additionally completely erased the money owed of greater than 41,000 debtors whose loans had been reinstated as a result of they didn’t submit paperwork proving their revenue.

New knowledge obtained by way of a Freedom of Information Act request by the advocacy group Student Defense this month reveals that the company is aware of that a further 517,000 debtors qualify for the incapacity loan discharge however haven’t but obtained it. Student Defense Vice President and co-founder Alex Elson stated that regardless that the division is aware of these disabled debtors “are legally entitled to full discharges of their student loans,” the division “is only providing relief to those who figure out how to jump through unnecessary hoops.”

Student Defense has joined with different client organizations and a bipartisan group of lawmakers to induce the division to swiftly cancel the debt. This morning, Student Defense can be asking the Education Department to substantiate the accuracy of the information and the company’s progress on the difficulty.

What’s subsequent: The Biden administration has stated it plans to revise the foundations surrounding “total and permanent” incapacity discharges as a part of its greater training rulemaking agenda.

BORROWER DEFENSE REPAYMENTS: Federal student debtors who’re defrauded by their school can apply to have their debt forgiven. The Obama administration first popularized this reduction program after the collapse of huge for-profit faculties.

READ:   6 Common Student Loan Myths

— What Trump did: The Education Department stopped issuing choices on borrower defense claims for greater than 18 months and issued tens of 1000’s of denials within the waning weeks of his administration, a few of which are actually being challenged in court docket. DeVos additionally sought to scale back the prices of loan forgiveness to taxpayers by doling out solely partial reduction to some debtors.

Biden’s file to this point: In the primary three months of the Biden administration, the Education Department authorized greater than 33,000 borrower protection claims. During that very same time, one other 22,572 purposes had been added to the backlog, which is now practically 108,000 pending claims. The Biden administration final week introduced that it was canceling the loans of about 18,000 former ITT Tech students (out of about 34,000 claims), and the Education Department has scrapped DeVos’ partial reduction coverage.

What’s subsequent: The Biden administration has stated it plans to revive Obama-era requirements that make it simpler for students to carry claims. But it hasn’t publicly outlined a plan for processing the backlog of current claims.

BORROWERS EXCLUDED FROM PANDEMIC RELIEF: The federal authorities has paused month-to-month funds and curiosity for about 40 million federal student loan debtors since March 2020. But the coverage has excluded hundreds of thousands of people that have federally-backed loans owned by non-public firms.

What Trump did: The Education Department twice prolonged the pandemic reduction for student loan debtors with out protecting any further debtors. Bipartisan calls in Congress for parity between the 2 forms of federal student loan debtors additionally went nowhere in 2020.

Biden’s file to this point: The Education Department has expanded pandemic reduction to a subset of the excluded debtors: about 1 million debtors of federally-guaranteed loans who defaulted on their debt as of May 12, 2021. But about 5 million further debtors who haven’t defaulted nonetheless do not qualify.

What’s subsequent: Education Department officers stated earlier this 12 months they’re analyzing whether or not they have the authority to additional develop reduction.

IT’S MONDAY, JUNE 21. WELCOME TO MORNING EDUCATION. Please ship tricks to your host at [email protected] or to my colleagues, Juan Perez Jr. at [email protected], and Bianca Quilantan at [email protected]. Follow us on Twitter: @Morning_Edu and @POLITICOPro.

ON THE HILL THIS WEEK: Education Secretary Miguel Cardona shall be again within the scorching seat on Thursday, testifying earlier than the House training committee. It’s the committee’s first oversight listening to centered on the Education Department in the course of the Biden administration.

READ:   After Biden Cancels $1 Billion In Student Loans, 3 Potential Next Steps For Student Loan Forgiveness

HUD MAKES IT EASIER FOR STUDENT BORROWERS TO MORTGAGES: The Biden administration is tweaking how the Federal Housing Administration calculates eligibility for presidency mortgage help for candidates with student loan debt. The modifications, HUD Secretary Marcia Fudge stated in an announcement, will “make it easier for borrowers with student loan debt to qualify for a federally insured mortgage” and assist cut back racial gaps in homeownership.

GOP BILL TARGETS D.C. SCHOOLS OVER CRITICAL RACE THEORY: Rep. Glenn Grothman (R-Wisc.), a member of the House training committee, on Friday opened a brand new entrance within the GOP’s struggle in opposition to crucial race concept, an educational idea that examines how systemic racism has been woven into statutes and insurance policies all through U.S. historical past.

Grothman launched laws that will prohibit D.C. public colleges, together with constitution colleges, from educating “ideas that promote race or sex stereotyping or scapegoating,” together with the notion that the U.S. is “fundamentally racist or sexist.”

Other Republican efforts in Congress have sought to dam the Education Department from encouraging colleges to show crucial race concept. But the invoice concentrating on D.C. colleges, which stands nearly no likelihood of passing within the Democratic-controlled Congress, is new.

The official D.C. Council Twitter account responded: “Actually, here in DC, we teach Critical *State* Theory: We are deeply Critical of people elsewhere telling us how to educate our own children in our own soon-to-be State. How can they be so presumptuous?”

CARDONA DISCUSSES TRANSGENDER STUDENT RIGHTS WITH COUSIN: Cardona speaks along with his cousin, Alex, in regards to the expertise of being a transgender school student in a brand new video posted by the Education Department. “I didn’t transition to be seen as a transgender man,” Alex says within the video. “I transitioned to be me.”

Cardona introduced final week that the Education Department would now be deciphering Title IX to guard transgender students. The Biden administration additionally backed a authorized problem to a brand new West Virginia legislation that prohibits transgender ladies from enjoying on ladies’s sports activities groups at school.

— Wisconsin Gov. Tony Evers vetoes invoice rising eligibility for varsity voucher program: The Associated Press.

— Foreign tech employees are getting fed up. Can higher training for U.S. students fill the hole? The Hechinger Report.

— Judge offers District of Columbia 15 days to offer incarcerated students with their legally mandated special-education providers: The Washington Post.

— Virus surge claims brightest minds at Indian universities: The Associated Press.

CORRECTION: An earlier model of Morning Education incorrectly included a congressional listening to.

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